What is child abuse?

Child abuse is when a parent or caregiver, whether through action or failing to act, causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a child. There are many forms of child maltreatment, including:

  • Neglect

  • Physical Abuse

  • Sexual Abuse

  • Exploitation

  • ​Emotional Abuse


What is sexual assault?

Sexual assault is forced or coerced sexual contact without consent – the presence of a clear yes, not the absence of a no. Sexual assault is a crime motivated by a need to control, humiliate, dominate and harm. It can take the form of:

  • Rape

  • Incest

  • Child Sexual Abuse/Molestation

  • Oral sex

  • Harassment

  • Exposing/flashing

  • Forcing a person to pose for sexual pictures

  • Fondling or unwanted sexual touching above and under clothing

  • Force which may include but is not limited to:

    • Use or display of a weapon

    • Physical battering

    • Immobilization of the victim

What is domestic violence?

Domestic Violence is a pattern of behavior used to establish power and control over another person through fear and intimidation, often including the threat or use of violence. Some signs of an abusive relationship include:

  • Exerting strict control (financial, social and/or appearance).

  • Needing constant contact including excessive texts and calls.

  • Emotional abuse including insulting a partner in front of other people.

  • Extreme jealousy.

  • Showing fear around a partner.

  • Isolation from family and friends.

  • Frequent canceling of plans at the last minute.

  • Unexplained injuries or explanations that don’t quite add up.

Talking about these issues openly will help end the shame and stigma that domestic violence survivors are burdened with.

Make sure children know:

  • Never to chat with someone they do not know, or arrange a face-to-face meeting with someone who contacts them through an app or online service, even if they claim to be another youth or friend of a friend.
  • Never to give out identifying information such as name, home address, neighborhood, phone number, school information, or extracurricular organizations and activities.
  • Never to post public photos of themselves, send photos to someone they do not know, or send explicit/ inappropriate photos to a friend or significant other.
  • Never to download pictures from someone they do not know, as there is a good chance they could be sexually explicit.
  • Never to respond to messages or posts that are suggestive, obscene, bullying, or harassing.